Cloisonne

Cloisonné enameling refers to a very specific type of metal decoration. The enameling is created by welding silver or gold wires according to a set pattern to form compartments on the surface of a metal object. The spaces in-between the pattern are filled with colored glass paste. Once the entire object has been decorated and filled, it is fired in a kiln. This melts the glass paste creating the typical enameled pattern on top of the object. The metal wires are still retained in the form of raised borders in-between the pattern. The technique was very popular in France and it was traditionally used to create unique jewelry and small decorative items. However, during the Byzantine Empire, the technique spread from the Mediterranean over to Persia and from there to China. Both the Persians and the Chinese modified and adapted the basic pattern to create unique local techniques which make it very easy to identify. Chinese cloisonné is very popular at present and the same technique is used to create beautiful pieces.

Cloisonné came to China in the early fourteenth to the late fifteenth century. The process became very popular with court artisans and the earliest recorded piece is from the Ming Xuande Emperor's reign in 1426. According to researchers, the Yuan Dynasty of China was established in Yunan by the Mongol king Kublai Khan. The Yunan province was the first to produce unique pieces as it was under the Mongol rule. It is supposed that Islamic artisans taught the locals the tricks of the trade. Palace artisans quickly adapted the technique on to large utensils resulting in intricate patterns that were considered ideal for the luxurious Chinese Imperial quarters. Due to the Islamic influences, most of the pieces were in green, blue and gold and subtle Islamic tweaks could be seen. However, early Chinese cloisonné was so delicate that very few imperial pieces have survived to date. Most of these pieces are now stored with the Palace Museum

FABULOUS VINTAGE PAIR OF CHINESE CLOISONNE PLANTERS HARDSTONE PLANTS
FABULOUS VINTAGE PAIR OF CHINESE CLOISONNE PLANTERS  HARDSTONE PLANTS $600.00
Time Remaining: 8h 24m
Bid now

EXQUISITE ESTATE ANTIQUE CHINESE CLOISONNE BRASS ENAMEL VASE OR URN FLOWERS
EXQUISITE ESTATE ANTIQUE CHINESE CLOISONNE BRASS ENAMEL VASE OR URN FLOWERS $245.00
Time Remaining: 6d 21h 18m
Buy It Now for only: $245.00
Buy It Now

Vintage Chinese Cloisonn Gilded Vase
Vintage Chinese Cloisonn Gilded Vase $59.99
Time Remaining: 18d 1h 9m
Buy It Now for only: $59.99
Buy It Now

Antique Chinese Enamel Cloisonn Bowl w Dragon Jade Handle
Antique Chinese Enamel Cloisonn Bowl w Dragon Jade Handle $129.99
Time Remaining: 6d 22h 2m
Buy It Now for only: $129.99
Buy It Now

Gem Petite Old Chinese Cloisonn Vase Floral Panels
Gem Petite Old Chinese Cloisonn Vase Floral Panels $55.00
Time Remaining: 27d 8h 6m
Buy It Now for only: $55.00
Buy It Now

Vintage or Antique Chinese Cloisonn Ginger Jar
Vintage or Antique Chinese Cloisonn Ginger Jar $175.00
Time Remaining: 16d 18m
Buy It Now for only: $175.00
Buy It Now

ANTIQUE CHINESE ROYAL PALACE CLOISONNE LIDDED VASE URN FOO DOG DRAGON PAIR 16
ANTIQUE CHINESE ROYAL PALACE CLOISONNE LIDDED VASE URN FOO DOG DRAGON PAIR 16 $2,000.00
Time Remaining: 28d 6h 12m
Buy It Now for only: $2,000.00
Buy It Now

large Beautiful 10 Antique Chinese Cloisonne Jar with Lid
large Beautiful 10 Antique Chinese Cloisonne Jar with Lid $69.99
Time Remaining: 2d 5h 26m
Buy It Now for only: $69.99
Buy It Now

Antique Chinese Cloisonne Vase Enamel Floral Design Brass Royal Blue
Antique Chinese Cloisonne Vase Enamel Floral Design Brass Royal Blue $169.99
Time Remaining: 23d 4h 51m
Buy It Now for only: $169.99
Buy It Now

Original Antique Chinese Cloisonn Large Vase 25 tall
Original Antique Chinese Cloisonn Large Vase 25 tall $49,000.00
Time Remaining: 4d 6h 13m
Buy It Now for only: $49,000.00
Buy It Now

2 Chinese Gilt Cloisonne Enamel Covered Vase Bowl Jar Pomegranate Finial
2 Chinese Gilt Cloisonne Enamel Covered Vase Bowl Jar Pomegranate Finial $500.00
Time Remaining: 25d 35m
Buy It Now for only: $500.00
Buy It Now

Very Fine Large Chinese Cloisonne Cormorants Bird
Very Fine  Large Chinese Cloisonne Cormorants Bird $1,700.00
Time Remaining: 29d 6h 48m
Buy It Now for only: $1,700.00
Buy It Now

Pair Chinese Cloisonne Enamel Dragon Vases 6 Tall
Pair Chinese Cloisonne Enamel Dragon Vases 6 Tall $200.00
Time Remaining: 29d 22h 25m
Buy It Now for only: $200.00
Buy It Now

Old Cloisonne Vases Pair
Old Cloisonne Vases Pair $65.00
Time Remaining: 18d 19h 55m
Buy It Now for only: $65.00
Buy It Now

CHINESE ANTIQUE CLOISONNE GINGER JAR MARKED
CHINESE ANTIQUE CLOISONNE GINGER JAR MARKED $395.00
Time Remaining: 28d 7h 39m
Buy It Now for only: $395.00
Buy It Now

Beautiful Pair of Yellow Cloisonne 5 Legged Round Longevity Side Table 35
Beautiful Pair of Yellow Cloisonne 5 Legged Round Longevity Side Table 35 $8,999.99
Time Remaining: 26d 11h 3m
Buy It Now for only: $8,999.99
Buy It Now

Antique Chinese 11 Tall Enamel Cloisonn Vase
Antique Chinese 11 Tall Enamel Cloisonn Vase $99.99
Time Remaining: 22d 20h 25m
Buy It Now for only: $99.99
Buy It Now

UNUSUAL CHINESE SIGNED CLOISONNE ENAMEL 8 3 8 VASE WITH DRAGONS
UNUSUAL CHINESE SIGNED CLOISONNE ENAMEL 8 3 8 VASE WITH DRAGONS $90.00
Time Remaining: 8d 7h 45m
Buy It Now for only: $90.00
Buy It Now

A PAIR OF RARE EXCEPTIONAL MING DYNASTY LARGE DRAGON THEMED CLOISONNE VASES
A PAIR OF RARE  EXCEPTIONAL MING DYNASTY LARGE DRAGON THEMED CLOISONNE VASES $3,650.00
Time Remaining: 29d 5h 27m
Buy It Now for only: $3,650.00
Buy It Now

Pair Of Chinese Cloisonne Vases Cherry Blossoms 1025
Pair Of Chinese Cloisonne Vases Cherry Blossoms 1025 $89.99
Time Remaining: 10d 21h 9m
Buy It Now for only: $89.99
Buy It Now

VINTAGE CHINESE CLOISONNE ENAMEL BLACK GROUND PRUNUS BLOSSOM VASE
VINTAGE CHINESE CLOISONNE ENAMEL BLACK GROUND PRUNUS BLOSSOM VASE $59.99
Time Remaining: 3d 11h 53m
Buy It Now for only: $59.99
Buy It Now

Antique Mini Cloisonne Dragon Vase Intricate Design
Antique Mini Cloisonne Dragon Vase Intricate Design $50.00
Time Remaining: 11d 21h 59m
Buy It Now for only: $50.00
Buy It Now

As time passed, the enamelware became very popular. By the late Yuan Dynasty, this type of enamelware became very popular with locals and in the royal court. The emperors KangXi and QianLong were fascinated with the beauty of cloisonné and they encouraged their artisans to work with the material. The procedure was refined and perfected resulting in wonderful new styles and patterns. By the late Quig Dynasty, the style had percolated down to the lower classes and cloisonné artisans started to make commercial pieces that could be purchased by the Chinese middle class. Artists like Lao Tian Li, Bao Hua Sheng, De Xing Cheng, Jing Yuan Tang etc switched over from elaborate imperial styles to functional everyday patterns that could be used in every household.

Very soon, by the early 19th Century, cheaper pieces were impressing Western merchants and from there, they were quickly exported to the Western world. The Western World was so impressed by the simpler pieces that demand for the artwork doubled. Initially, the traders used to purchase enamelware in bulk but they quickly started giving artisans individual contracts and the artwork improved considerably. Over the next decade, demand for high quality Chinese cloisonne increased by leaps and bounds.