Cloisonne

Cloisonné enameling refers to a very specific type of metal decoration. The enameling is created by welding silver or gold wires according to a set pattern to form compartments on the surface of a metal object. The spaces in-between the pattern are filled with colored glass paste. Once the entire object has been decorated and filled, it is fired in a kiln. This melts the glass paste creating the typical enameled pattern on top of the object. The metal wires are still retained in the form of raised borders in-between the pattern. The technique was very popular in France and it was traditionally used to create unique jewelry and small decorative items. However, during the Byzantine Empire, the technique spread from the Mediterranean over to Persia and from there to China. Both the Persians and the Chinese modified and adapted the basic pattern to create unique local techniques which make it very easy to identify. Chinese cloisonné is very popular at present and the same technique is used to create beautiful pieces.

Cloisonné came to China in the early fourteenth to the late fifteenth century. The process became very popular with court artisans and the earliest recorded piece is from the Ming Xuande Emperor's reign in 1426. According to researchers, the Yuan Dynasty of China was established in Yunan by the Mongol king Kublai Khan. The Yunan province was the first to produce unique pieces as it was under the Mongol rule. It is supposed that Islamic artisans taught the locals the tricks of the trade. Palace artisans quickly adapted the technique on to large utensils resulting in intricate patterns that were considered ideal for the luxurious Chinese Imperial quarters. Due to the Islamic influences, most of the pieces were in green, blue and gold and subtle Islamic tweaks could be seen. However, early Chinese cloisonné was so delicate that very few imperial pieces have survived to date. Most of these pieces are now stored with the Palace Museum

Pair Cloisonne Urns or Vases Blue Ground Flowers Head Shaped Handles Antique
Pair Cloisonne Urns or Vases Blue Ground Flowers Head Shaped Handles Antique $56.00 (10 Bids)
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BEAUTIFUL VINTAGE CHINESE CLOISONNE VASE FLORAL AND BIRD DESIGN MINT
BEAUTIFUL VINTAGE CHINESE CLOISONNE VASE FLORAL AND BIRD DESIGN MINT $99.95
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Stunning 15 1 4 Diameter Vintage Chinese Cloisonne Tray
Stunning 15 1 4 Diameter Vintage Chinese Cloisonne Tray $150.00
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Antique PAIR of JAPANESE CLOISONNE VASES on PORCELAIN totai urushi jippo shippo
Antique PAIR of JAPANESE CLOISONNE VASES on PORCELAIN totai urushi jippo shippo $127.50 (10 Bids)
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Antique 9 1 2 INCH JAPANESE CLOISONNE CHAMPLEVE BRASS OR BRONZE VASE
Antique 9 1 2 INCH JAPANESE CLOISONNE CHAMPLEVE BRASS OR BRONZE VASE $50.00
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ANTIQUE CHINESE ASIAN ENAMEL W JADE CLOISONNE CIGARETTE CASE MATCH HOLDER
ANTIQUE CHINESE ASIAN ENAMEL W JADE CLOISONNE CIGARETTE CASE  MATCH HOLDER $59.00 (12 Bids)
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ANTIQUE CHINESE BRONZE ENAMEL CLOISONN HINGED CIGARETTE BOX
ANTIQUE CHINESE BRONZE ENAMEL CLOISONN HINGED CIGARETTE  BOX $62.99 (6 Bids)
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Antique Handmade Copper Cloisonne Enamel Bowl Pot Jar Crock Decor
Antique Handmade Copper Cloisonne Enamel Bowl Pot Jar Crock Decor $249.50
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Older 145 Chinese Cloisonne Style Buddha Statue
Older 145 Chinese Cloisonne Style Buddha Statue $125.00 (1 Bid)
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Vtg Chinese Export Cloisonne Green Enamel Jewelry Round Dresser Jar Box w Lid NR
Vtg Chinese Export Cloisonne Green Enamel Jewelry Round Dresser Jar Box w Lid NR $56.00 (15 Bids)
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Small Antique Chinese Cloisonne Vase Unusual Color
Small Antique Chinese Cloisonne Vase Unusual Color $69.00
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Large Mid Century 10 Japanese Cloisonne Vase Unknown Unsigned Sato Ando NICE
Large Mid Century 10 Japanese Cloisonne Vase Unknown Unsigned Sato Ando NICE $71.00 (6 Bids)
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Rare JAPANESE CLOISONNE VASE with SOLID SILVER WIRES FISHER COLLECTION example
Rare JAPANESE CLOISONNE VASE with SOLID SILVER WIRES FISHER COLLECTION example $89.00 (13 Bids)
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Vintage Chinese Cloisonne Vase
Vintage Chinese Cloisonne Vase $69.99
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Rare JAPANESE CLOISONNE VASE with SOLID SILVER SCULPTED WIRES Blue Ground
Rare JAPANESE CLOISONNE VASE with SOLID SILVER SCULPTED WIRES Blue Ground $81.00 (6 Bids)
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Rare Chinese Qing dynasty cloisonne gourd shape vase
Rare Chinese Qing dynasty cloisonne gourd shape vase $199.00
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PAIR OF BEAUTIFUL LIDDED ANTIQUE CHINESE CLOISONNE VASES MARKED CHINA
PAIR OF BEAUTIFUL LIDDED ANTIQUE CHINESE CLOISONNE VASES MARKED CHINA $65.00
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PAIR OF JAPANESE CLOISONNE VASES MEIJI PERIOD
PAIR OF JAPANESE CLOISONNE VASES MEIJI PERIOD $154.52
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Vintage Chinese Cloisonne Vases Pair 2 In Excellect Shape
Vintage Chinese Cloisonne Vases Pair 2 In Excellect Shape $69.99
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CLOISONNE CHINESE LIDDED CONTAINER BLACK WITH YELLOW DRAGON
CLOISONNE CHINESE LIDDED CONTAINER BLACK WITH YELLOW DRAGON $91.00
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BLUE japanese cloisonne vase
BLUE japanese cloisonne vase $50.00 (1 Bid)
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ANTIQUE CHINESE CLOISONNE ENAMEL ON METAL VASE w LID FLORAL DESIGN 1900s
ANTIQUE CHINESE CLOISONNE ENAMEL ON METAL VASE w LID FLORAL DESIGN 1900s $50.00
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As time passed, the enamelware became very popular. By the late Yuan Dynasty, this type of enamelware became very popular with locals and in the royal court. The emperors KangXi and QianLong were fascinated with the beauty of cloisonné and they encouraged their artisans to work with the material. The procedure was refined and perfected resulting in wonderful new styles and patterns. By the late Quig Dynasty, the style had percolated down to the lower classes and cloisonné artisans started to make commercial pieces that could be purchased by the Chinese middle class. Artists like Lao Tian Li, Bao Hua Sheng, De Xing Cheng, Jing Yuan Tang etc switched over from elaborate imperial styles to functional everyday patterns that could be used in every household.

Very soon, by the early 19th Century, cheaper pieces were impressing Western merchants and from there, they were quickly exported to the Western world. The Western World was so impressed by the simpler pieces that demand for the artwork doubled. Initially, the traders used to purchase enamelware in bulk but they quickly started giving artisans individual contracts and the artwork improved considerably. Over the next decade, demand for high quality Chinese cloisonne increased by leaps and bounds.